Executive Summary

Learners, educators, employers, and policymakers understand that expenditures on education and training are necessary to develop the skills and talent required by today’s and tomorrow’s workforce. However, we do not have a robust understanding of how much we spend nationwide on acquiring these necessary skills and credentials. This is the second report issued by Credential Engine to estimate U.S. spending on training and education. This 2022 report updates the total yearly expenditures by educational institutions, employers, federal grant programs, states, and the military to $2.133 trillion.
• Educational institutions spent $1.430 trillion on educational activities, approximately 67 percent of total spending in the U.S.
• Employers spent $594 billion (roughly 28 percent of the total) on training and training wages.
• States and federal grants to other schools, programs, and the military account for the remaining $109 billion, about 5 percent of the total. 1 Credential Engine. (2022). Counting U.S. postsecondary and secondary credentials. Washington, DC: Credential Engine.

All this spending is oriented toward ensuring that individuals being served by education and training opportunities earn the credentials and competencies which have value to them in some way. Given that these expenditures are significant for all involved—not to mention the millions of learners incurring debt—we should all be working towards a system that allows us to make the best use of these resources. The report, 2022 Counting U.S. Postsecondary and Secondary Credentials, 1 counts 1,076,358 unique credentials in the U.S. alone. Credential transparency can help align efforts across education and training to provide more efficient and practical pathways to and through these education and training opportunities. To provide confidence in this $2.133 trillion figure, the research team offers a detailed overview of the methods used to gather data across nine categories.

Counting Credentials Report

Every year, we push the credential ecosystem forward by performing extensive counts and using computational models to estimate the vast amount of credentials in the United States. Our findings are published in our Counting Credentials report. Learn about our latest findings.

Key Findings

$2.133 Trillion

spent annually in the U.S. on the delivery and attainment of credentials.

$1,429.6 Billion

Educational Institutions

$594.4 Billion

Credential providers across the U.S.

$108.8 Billion

State and Federal Government Funding

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